These necklaces are hand carved in Kenya from cowbone. To make the main beads, cow bone is first carved and polished into the desired shape. Next, wax is applied to the areas that the artisan does not want color. The bead is then dipped in dye. Finally, the wax is removed and the final design is revealed. Additional etching can be added at this point. You will be pleased with the necklace's comfortable fit, unique style and fantastic craftsmanship!